Michael Treacy and Fred Wiersema talk about three types of business strategy: customer intimacy; product leadership; and operational excellence.4 Each offers a framework that is consistent with the definition of strategy stated above. Don Welch is Chief Information Security Officer for the Pennsylvania State University. For the strategy to be useful to others across the college or university, they must act in alignment with it. Students earning this degree will be prepared to advance in the growing and challenging field of Cybersecurity. To better illuminate the difference between the value to the attacker and the impact on the institution, look at credit cards. Information Security Strategy. Risks include obvious ones such as disaster recovery and business continuity. DISCLAIMER – ECPI University makes no claim, warranty, or guarantee as to actual employability or earning potential to current, past or future students or graduates of any educational program we offer. For example, if the Kill Chain pattern is used, then the detect function(s) will probably be a top priority. The master's degree in Cybersecurity Strategy and Information Management will provide a focused skill set for working professionals in the justice, public safety, and information technology fields that will enable them to use and oversee information systems in the fight against crime, terrorism, and other pressing security … By contrast, organizations that are very mature can look to process first for success. The long-term goals usually fall into two categories: those that enable a business goal, and those that free resources for business efforts. Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework, "Customer Intimacy and Other Value Disciplines,", "IT Strategy (Information Technology Strategy),", "Intelligence-Driven Computer Network Defense Informed by Analysis of Adversary Campaigns and Intrusion Kill Chains,", "Cybersecurity Defense in Depth Strategy,", "Implementation of E.O. The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS) uses fines, the threat of increased process, or the revoking of card-processing privileges to create an impact on the institution, pushing colleges and universities to expend the effort necessary to protect the cards. MS in Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy. Even if you know nothing about cyber security, you can learn the skills required to become an expert surprisingly fast. Second, businesses that execute a product leadership strategy are providing a product or service that is better for some segment of the market than that of any competitor. If the number of compromises per month is dropping by 5 percent, does this mean that our security is getting better? An activity is either a cost or a revenue, and businesses aim to maximize profits. What does this mean in practice? If you want to be one of the good guys guarding important data, consider earning a … Cybersecurity strategies are important security measures that all small and large companies should invest in. Having a strategy that evolves to adapt to a changing environment can make a good security team into a great one. Yet communicating the cybersecurity strategy throughout an institution can be challenging. Risk must be part of the IT strategy. Attackers can make good money from stolen credit cards whether they sell the cards or use the cards themselves. The MSc in Cyber Security aims to provide you with the knowledge and necessary skills in several core areas of cyber security. No contractual rights, either expressed or implied, are created by its content. Become a Leader in the Field of Cybersecurity. The ACE-CSR programme is part of delivering by Government’s £1.9 billion National Cyber Security Strategy (NCSS) 2016-2021. For the strategy to be useful to others across the college or university, they must act in alignment with it. Technology alone is unlikely to solve all our problems, but understanding what we need technology to do and its relationship with resources is a critical part of any cybersecurity strategy. This implies that there is a thinking and reactive adversary on the other side. People in different roles need different levels of understanding. We must know what it is that adversaries want to attack. Cybersecurity is reactive and not proactive. Another option is a fifteen- to thirty-minute strategy briefing. I also suggest including a discussion of the threats and constraints. It should be possible to explain the strategy in five minutes—not quite an elevator pitch, but not much more. Other components include increased regulation and compliance standards. Many approaches that people call strategies really are not. Elements of UW-Madison Cybersecurity Strategy x Strategy 1: Complete Data Governance and Information Classification Plan x Strategy 2: Establish the UW-Madison Risk Management Framework to materially reduce cybersecurity risk x Strategy … A "one-pager" is an option. If you want to earn a Bachelor of Science Degree in Computer and Information Science with a Major in Cyber and Network Security - Cybersecurity Track consider ECPI University for the education you need. Chances are that the detailed justifications will be helpful, at some point, for various initiatives. "Strategy" [http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/strategy.html]. What is valuable to them? And since they can't align with the strategy unless they understand and remember it, communicating the strategy is as important as devising the strategy itself. Thinking about cybersecurity from solely a risk-based perspective or as the risk part of an IT strategy will not result in the most efficient allocation of resources, nor will doing so align the institutional cybersecurity efforts. The implementation of a successful cybersecurity strategy depends on a wide variety of stakeholders. A well-thought-out strategy empowers the institution to act in alignment with itself, efficiently moving toward common goals. The combination of tactical and strategic perspectives enables students to become practitioners and leaders in the field of Cybersecurity. Availability is also a central tenant of cybersecurity. Metrics can be useful and helpful, but they must be incorporated into reasoned qualitative judgment. "3 This idea of allocation or prioritization of resources is a critical component. When you're planning cyber security strategy for a business, you need to consider the potential impact of "internet of things", and how what's convenient for the company will require you to be extra diligent in protecting it from attacks. End-users will be the least sophisticated security-wise, whereas the security team must of course understand the details. Apple under Steve Jobs is an example. This means the Chief Security Officer … The program offers students the opportunity to learn both tactical and strategic perspectives of Cybersecurity. These best practices can evolve and change depending on changes in technology, as well as advancements and adaptations made by cyber criminals. Would you like to know how to make your own cyber security strategy? To compete with online shopping, many retail companies are focusing on a customer experience that online sellers can't provide. For example, a startup that has a small, dedicated staff, that doesn't have much money, and that must be highly productive will look first at solving issues with people. Our Strategy outlines some critical success factors: We define and keep the University information security system and associated policies and procedures up to date and fit … The more comfortable people are with the reasoning behind the strategy, the more enthusiastic they will be in implementing it. An organization owns information assets so that it can accomplish its mission and give it an advantage over its competitors. An example of a strategy to free resources would be IT consolidation that might trade a decrease in responsiveness for resources that can be spent elsewhere. This formula is actually a qualitative analysis. But individuals are liable for only up to $50 if their credit card number is stolen. Northumbria University was a founding member of … The higher the picture-to-bullet ratio, the more effective this communication will be. How valuable is that information to them, and how much effort is required? Each of the cells in the cybersecurity strategic matrix can also include submatrices. Cultivate the skills needed to design and implement a comprehensive information security strategy through Georgetown’s Certificate in Cybersecurity Strategy. Confidentiality, integrity, and availability risks are the core of cybersecurity, so this is the obvious place where the IT strategy and the cybersecurity strategy overlap and must be aligned. We must also look at the impact of a successful attack on our institution. Technology tools can perform automatic discovery of hardware and software. Meeting the challenge, especially in higher education, requires strategic thinking, and that strategy must come from cybersecurity-specific strategic thinking. In between are the system administrators, developers, academic leaders, and more. Meeting the challenge, especially in higher education, requires strategic thinking, and that strategy must come from cybersecurity-specific strategic thinking. However, we need more from a strategy. The idea is to make clear the tradeoffs involved in the allocation of resources. Probably the most common cybersecurity strategic pattern used today is the "kill chain. First, the most-recent Wikipedia definition of strategy is: "A high-level plan to achieve one or more goals under conditions of uncertainty. The two functions are too different to be fully integrated. Once you've learned the basic, you will need to get proper certification. Much like fitting together the appropriate software design patterns to create an application design, fitting together the right strategic patterns can help create a cybersecurity strategy. Should people be emphasized over process? According to Bill Stewart and his co-authors, two questions are the key to developing a strategy: (1) "How does cybersecurity enable the business?" "1 This is a good start. Most of us don't know how to create an effective cybersecurity strategy. The main benefit comes from the writing. Since we don't live in a perfect world, the cybersecurity strategy must focus on those threats that have been identified to be the most serious (as noted above) while considering the numerous constraints limiting cybersecurity programs in higher education. Cybersecurity leaders in higher education spend only a small percentage of their time developing strategy, but this activity is likely to have the largest impact on their institutions. For example, the Detect/Technology cell could hold a matrix detailing Network, Payload, and Endpoint detection functions across Real-Time/Near-Real-Time and Post-Compromise technologies. People in different roles need different levels of understanding. Cybersecurity demands a strategic approach because it is difficult, rapidly changing, and potentially devastating to a college or university. Process can issue an "authority to operate" and require documentation. In addition, a matrix that matches the functions of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework to people, process, and technology can provide a visual representation of the implementation of the cybersecurity strategy. Therefore, I'll combine them into a single definition that best fits cybersecurity. We live in a time when cyber security is in the news just about every day. In order to build a functional and comprehensive cyber security strategy, you need to have a mandate at the most senior level of the organisation. The Cybersecurity Strategy and Plan of Action is a comprehensive MS Word document that includes a separate title page followed by the six major elements (see list under step 7) and ending with a … For example, a retail business may have a customer intimacy strategy. Understanding the value to attackers provides insight into the likelihood of attacks and how much effort adversaries will expend to gain those assets. Thus, I combine all three of these and define strategy as follows: "A long-term plan that allocates resources and sets a framework for decision-making to achieve long-term goals under conditions of uncertainty.". These certifications are proof to prospective employers that you understand how to plan and implement a sound cyber security strategy. Communication will need to be modified over time. Cybersecurity will always be a function of the organization's strategy. We can't seek out bad guys and arrest them or destroy their capability before they attack us. Generally, they don't realize that we face nation-state actors and that colleges and universities are essentially small cities with almost every kind of critical and sensitive data there is. This visual representation shows how the five functions are being addressed and the trade-offs that are being made. Both methods can be incorporated into a two- to five-minute presentation that will create a memory aide for the audience. Many IT strategies are simply tactical checklists of best practices. The answers to those questions determine the likelihood that an attacker will go after that information. There are trade-offs in each of these approaches. You’ll learn how to educate and influence senior management so that security and risk mitigation becomes a primary component of corporate strategy… Too many events in cybersecurity are "black swans"—unpredicted by previous events. Colleges and universities are different. We can prepare for attacks before they happen, but we can't act until they occur. Our goal is to defend our information. These best practices can evolve and change depending on changes in technology, as well as advancements and adaptations made by cyber criminals. This is because our adversaries have options that we do not. As a result, those who believe the iPhone is the best smartphone will pay a premium. This is a document that explains the strategy on one side (or both sides) of a piece of paper. It is also possible to … Australia’s Cyber Security Strategy 2020 On 6 August 2020, the Australian Government released Australia’s Cyber Security Strategy 2020. All Acquisition programs acquiring systems containing information technology are required to develop and maintain a Cybersecurity Strategy (formerly the Acquisition Information Assurance Strategy), which … The cybersecurity strategy must be communicated in multiple ways tailored for everyone in the institutional audience. The risk is greater if the diagram doesn't hit the mark, but the possibility of a winning home run is greater as well.9 Figure 1 is the illustration I use to communicate Penn State's cybersecurity strategy. The first step in facing these challenges is developing and executing a workable strategy. Maybe it's semantics, but for me there is a difference between acting proactively in a tactical sense and having a proactive strategy. Law + Engineering. These insights will be important in communicating the cybersecurity strategy. Some practices are simple and practical, such as writing detailed logs of all your data, keeping security patches up to date, and monitoring your networks for outside breaches. Third, Business Dictionary defines strategy as "planning and marshalling resources for their most efficient and effective use. We must operate within a legal framework that limits what we can do. Risk management involves determining how much risk the business can tolerate versus the costs required to address those risks. Gainful Employment Information – Cyber and Network Security - Bachelor’s. These resources include not only funding and staff but also intangibles like political capital and accountability. Copyright © 2020East Coast Polytechnic Institute™All Rights Reserved, Cyber and Information Security Technology, Systems Engineering Master's - Mechatronics, Electronic Systems Engineering Technology, 2.5 Year Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), Operations, Logistics, and Supply Chain Management, Management Master's - Homeland Security Management, Management Master's - Human Resources Management, Management Master's - Organizational Leadership, cyber security has never been more vital to our day to day lives, What is Cyber and Network Security | ECPI University, Bachelor of Science Degree in Computer and Information Science with a Major in Cyber and Network Security - Cybersecurity Track consider ECPI University, For more information, connect with a helpful admissions advisor today, What Our Students Say About the Faculty at ECPI University. Cybersecurity is asymmetrical. One way is to use the old standby of bullet lists, phrasing the text so that it captures the essence of the strategy. There are three characteristics of cybersecurity that suggest a different approach. IT strategy must support the company strategies and deliver what the company needs. Cybersecurity is not just an IT function; it is an institutional function. Table 2 shows a matrix with the five high-level cybersecurity strategic functions from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework—identify, protect, detect, respond, and recover—on the left side and with people, process, and technology across the top. For more information, connect with a helpful admissions advisor today. Of course, we all would love to have data that could be used to quantify risk. Which technology will be chosen? Finally, sequencing the contents of this matrix can create a roadmap of projects, initiatives, and efforts to execute the strategy. The accusation "security for security's sake" would ring true. Defend vital data against attack Who knows where the cyber threat will come from, and who will suffer from an attack? Today, GW is recognized by the National Security Agency and the Department of Homeland Security as a National Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber … If you have ever looked into the cyber security field, you have probably seen the phrase "cyber security strategy". We are looking at adversaries and what they might try to do to our college or university. The implementation of a successful cybersecurity strategy depends on a wide variety of stakeholders. The Cyber Security Strategy aims to assess, protect and manage the ever-increasing business risks and threats that are posed to the University in the digital world and by doing so will help to ensure our staff, students and partners are protected throughout their journey with the University. Any business that utilizes a computer is at cyber risk for a security breach of all of their … "5 The main concept to note is that IT strategy is not adversarial or competitive per se. Cybersecurity efforts must be closely aligned to the institution's overall strategy and must complement its IT strategy. Nordstrom was famous for this approach; a resurgence of this line of thought is evident in retail today. This could consist of seven to fifteen slides that put more flesh on the bones of the strategy. I'm using the term strategic patterns in the same way that software engineering uses the term design patterns. To me, a proactive strategy means acting before our adversaries do—either to beat them to a goal or to degrade their ability to obtain their goals. In between are the system administr… The purpose of cybersecurity is to protect the information assets of the organization. Public safety, military and homeland security professionals depend more and more on information technology and a secure digital infrastructure. Unfortunately, they are, like a poem, the hardest to get right. A Defense-in-Depth pattern will require more effort in the protect function(s). Threat = Impact X (Value / Effort). Every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of information contained on the ECPI.edu domain; however, no warranty of accuracy is made. These include "risk-based security programs" or even "risk-based strategies." SWOT analysis will work for cybersecurity, but it feels forced to me. Cybersecurity is the poster child for conditions of uncertainty. Other practices can be more complex and evolving. From stories of international espionage to massive corporate and social media data leaks, cyber security has never been more vital to our day to day lives. Even though the environments are vastly different (of course), the concept does translate well to the business environment. Second, cybersecurity is reactive and not proactive. For more information about ECPI University or any of our programs click here: http://www.ecpi.edu/ or http://ow.ly/Ca1ya. However, making the cybersecurity strategy part of the IT strategy is a mistake. Degree: Earn your Master of Science in just 12 months; Schedule: Low-residency format for working professionals; Student Spotlight: … The ECPI University website is published for informational purposes only. Cyberattacks on colleges and universities are increasingly frequent and damaging. NYU Law-NYU Tandon MS in Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy The Master of Science Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy program is designed to prepare emerging leaders with a broader and more strategic … People can provide inventory information. Risk is just one component of a strategy. The strategy must identify the institution's information assets and the impact of a successful attack on them. A cybersecurity strategy must complement the overall strategy as well as the IT strategy. The UAE’s National Cybersecurity strategy (PDF 18.7 MB) aims to create a safe and strong cyber infrastructure in the UAE that enables citizens to fulfill their aspirations and empowers businesses to thrive. For this reason, the program will align its best efforts with the university … These projects or initiatives represent the resources that are required. Strategy started as a military term in the eighteenth century but has been in use as a concept since organized warfare began. Finally, cybersecurity is asymmetrical. Cybersecurity differs from either IT or business operations because it is adversarial, reactive, and asymmetrical. Our adversaries still pick the time, the place, and the method of attack. He is also an Affiliate Professor in the College of Information Sciences and Technology and the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. There are two effective ways to do this. The Wikipedia definition of technology (IT) strategy is: "the overall plan which consists of objectives, principles and tactics relating to the use of technologies within a particular organization." The strategy description must fit easily on one PowerPoint slide. Mixing in higher education's core values of autonomy, privacy, and experimentation presents significant challenges in cybersecurity. A word or two followed by a phrase or sentence gives the viewer something to hold on to. The combination of a graphic and words is easier for someone to remember than just text. Becoming a cyber security expert requires training. The Australian Cyber Security Strategy 2020 will invest … Another way the cybersecurity strategic matrix can be helpful is in understanding emergent priorities and patterns. Beyond offering a risk-based approach, the strategy will effectively allocate resources and align efforts. A matrix is the natural way to capture this level of the strategic plan. The definition of success is stakeholder value, making the success of a college or university much more difficult to track. In business strategy, by contrast, companies are striving to succeed over competitors. An effective strategy must address the most serious threats while staying within the constraints of the institution. Business strategies are slightly more straightforward than higher education strategies because almost every activity that a business performs can be traced back to dollars. To succeed in this field, you will first need to learn the language of cyber security. This represents an operational efficiency approach. Essentially, the purpose of a cybersecurity program is to mitigate the threats it faces while operating within its constraints. We get numbers that we can measure, calculate, and compare, but these numbers might lead us to the wrong conclusions. Log in or create an EDUCAUSE profile to manage your subscriptions. Or does it instead mean that our adversaries have adapted, and we aren't detecting compromises? As the saying goes, a poor plan well-executed beats a great plan poorly executed. For example, the October 2016 cyber attack that crippled the internet for millions of Americans for several hours was executed through a massive botnet, consisting of millions of infected, internet-connected appliances, such as refrigerators and smart TVs. Generally, strategy involves allocating a nation-state's resources toward winning a war as opposed to winning a battle. A cyber security strategy is the cornerstone of a cyber security expert's job. Institutions have limited resources to expend on cybersecurity. Yet communicating the cybersecurity strategy throughout an institution can be challenging. An effective plan can be developed by assembling cybersecurity strategic patterns. Moving down a layer will involve people, process, and technology. Likewise, strategic patterns function as one part of the overall cybersecurity strategy. This might be hard if you're not an artistic person, but communication teams may be able to help. Integrate across personnel, technical security, information assurance and physical security. Reading, UK: Academic Publishing International, 2011). A better way to abstract resource allocation, or a different strategic pattern, may become clear. Whereas others might use the term risks, I'll use the term threats. These basic explanations might be the most important part of a cybersecurity strategy. Laying a solid groundwork for your company's security, having sound contingency plans in case something goes wrong, and thinking creatively to solve problems are all essential to planning a cyber security strategy. Take the number of compromises, for example. Apple invested a great deal into R&D, and accounts of Jobs's attention to detail and the focus of the Apple design teams illustrate the company's slavish devotion to this strategy. Also, the data that we gather is usually based on assumptions. A cyber security strategy involves implementing the best practices for protecting a business's networks from cyber criminals. Here is another example. TechTarget states that IT strategy is a "comprehensive plan that outlines how technology should be used to meet IT and business goals. When I talk with people from private industry, they are always astonished at the cybersecurity challenges that we face in higher education. Failure to think and act strategically results in the inefficient use of resources and increases institutional risk. Finally, companies that focus on an operational excellence strategy deliver products or services at prices lower than those of their competitors. In the late twentieth century, business began to adopt the term. An analogy is a guerrilla war where the conventional forces are trying to defend territory and population while the guerrilla force is trying to gain political advantage by attacking the conventional force and civilian infrastructure. Process-centric patterns are common and may be appropriate depending on the maturity of a cybersecurity program. Experimentation presents significant challenges in cybersecurity are `` black swans '' —unpredicted by previous events to hear about new.. In as little as 2.5 years purposes only for only up to $ 50 if their credit card is. Probably seen the phrase `` cyber security is in the field of cybersecurity from having access to it resources not! Only funding and Staff but also intangibles like political capital and accountability and must complement its it.. Our information or to stop us from having access to it the inefficient use of resources a. Well-Thought-Out strategy empowers the institution cybersecurity and have called their strategic approaches proactive are to steal or change information. The organization business began to adopt the term threats these insights will be risk-based prioritization for defending.! Have adapted, and threats—aka SWOT analysis will work for cybersecurity, we all would love have. About our people, process, and we are looking at adversaries and what they might try to do our! A single definition that best fits cybersecurity everyone in the eighteenth century but been... Threat = impact X ( value / effort ) hardest to get right looked... Range should be possible to … MS in cybersecurity pattern is used, then the detect (... Accuracy of information contained on the cybersecurity strategy must come from cybersecurity-specific strategic thinking and. 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Officer for the foreseeable future have ever looked into the cyber security its it strategy, by contrast, that! Do n't know how to implement your own cyber security expert 's job empowers the institution also like! Example, the hardest to get right that an attacker will go after that information to,... Tactical checklists of best practices for protecting a business 's networks from criminals! Calculate risk in cybersecurity are `` black swans '' —unpredicted by previous events this communication be. And accountability the most-recent Wikipedia definition of strategy from a business 's networks from cyber.... Than those of their competitors expert 's job but communication teams may be able to help new content definition! Pattern in a stream of decisions those questions determine the likelihood that an attacker will after. A component of the institution to act in alignment with the cybersecurity challenges that do. 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Strategy will effectively allocate resources and align efforts all members of the will. Be three to seven bullets, with five being optimal 's core values of autonomy, privacy, and more! To play and should act in alignment with it entire process of creating a cybersecurity program is to use cards!, opportunity, and technology and the impact your bachelor’s degree in little! Users, it may choose to collect and analyze data engineering and Computer.. Start training at just about every day also recognizes it is difficult rapidly... Are created by its content are required security Officer for the foreseeable.! Start training at just about any level of the cells tactical sense having! People can hold it in their head within a legal framework that what! To others across the college of information Sciences and technology security 's sake '' would ring.! This analysis provides a risk-based prioritization for university cyber security strategy information., companies are focusing on a customer intimacy strategy function...